Wednesday, July 17, 2019
Economic Basis of African Slavery in the United States
stintingal Basis of African Slavery in the get together States In early American history knuckle down owners were mainly of the Christian faith and believed in the literal accuracy of the Bible. They mat that more quotes in the record gave them a right to use hard workers for prophet. 1 such quote comes from Colossians 322 Slaves, obey your earthly masters in everything and do it, non wholly when their centre of attention is on you and to win their favor, yet with seriousness of heart and reverence for the Lord. There ar several economic fixingss contri preciselying to African bondage in the joined States, triplet of which will be discussed.Tariffs atomic number 18 adept major economic factor that contributed to slaveholding in the US. The coup guide States kingdomal organisation taxed imports at rates from 5 to 15 percent, the taxes were primarily designed to create tax to comprise expenses and part of the national debt that the federal g all overnment had . These tariffs increase the price of items brought into the US from overseas. As the shipping costs flush and the taxes increased as sanitary as the need for the importers to make a cabbage as well, the costs of these imported goods became too high and the fill for US products grew. much(prenominal)(prenominal) products as Cotton and Tobacco could be grown and collected in the US and sell at a far dismount price, and slaves were apply to harvest these products and avoid the tariffs. Avoiding umpteen of the costs of importing these types of products and employ slaves to harvest them allowed the owners of the slaves to make the money they necessitate to run short and find flush(p). A nonher major economic factor contributing to the growth of slaveholding in the US was the high demand of cotton.In 1793 the invention of the cotton gin, which detached the cotton seeds from the fiber, made it possible for plantation owners to assert more cotton products instantaneous but the harvesting of the cotton could not clutches up, more and more slaves were used to harvest the cotton just to keep up with the gin capacity. Once erstwhile more not having to pay the slaves allowed the plantation owners to become wealthier and maintain a lifestyle they exhaust become accustom to. As fourth dimension continued, the federationern saving became reliant on an Agricultural economy and the growth of agribusiness is another economic factor in contributing to bondage in the US. grey Plantation owners not only were reasoned in cotton and tobacco but also started growing rice, corn, wheat, hemp and sugar. In order for the economy to grow the plantations needed to grow, and as the plantations grow so did the figure of speech of slaves. Slavery grew to maintain an economy base on agriculture, once again using unpaid slaves allowed owners to continue to get wealthy and maintain thither lifestyle. As the slave trade grew so did the relationship surrounded by the Plantation owners and the slave traders so much so that exporting became a factor in the economy of slavery in the US.With the so called free labor that slaves brought to the plantations, the owners were suitable to produce items at such a cheap rate they could sell them as exports to other countries and make money. The cost of these goods in other countries were more expensive to produce mainly because of the cost of labor, where in the south labor was done by slaves. The plantation owners and the slave traders were able to come to agreements allowing some(prenominal) parties the ability to make money, Plantation owners sell goods to other countries and Traders hauled the product back and onwarfared overseas for a profit.Tariffs, cotton, tobacco and an economy ground on agriculture, as well as additional income repayable to exports are a few major factors that contributed to slavery in the United States. The issue of slavery divided the Southern part of the states from the labor unionwesterlyern. The North separated themselves as an economy based on industry instead of Agriculture. As Abraham capital of Nebraska campaigned against the expansion of slavery beyond the states in which it already existed it made the northernern states conclude that slavery was morally damage and should come to an end.The southern states wondered how an economy could expire without slaves, not enough money to pay workers to harvest the product and maintain there lifestyle. Slavery was one of many reasons for the courteous War, which had a lasting effect on early America. While it is unfair to order slavery was the only cause of the cultivated war I believe that many of the causes can be attributed to slavery. I will list three causes to the civil war which barely touches the surface of what I have in mind is one of the most misunderstood wars.The causes I chose are ones that involve slavery in one way or another. get-go the Dred Scott decision, Dred Scott v. Sandf ord,(1857), was a decision by the United States Supreme Court that govern that nation of African descent imported into the United States and held as slaves, or their descendants whether or not they were slaves were not protected by the Constitution and could never be citizens of the United States. It also held that the United States Congress had no authority to prohibit slavery in federal territories.The Court also ruled that because slaves were not citizens, they could not sue in court. Lastly, the Court ruled that slaves as movable or private property could not be taken away from their owners without due process. The Supreme Courts decision was written by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney. Opponents of slavery attacked the Dred Scott decision. In the Albany, New York, Evening Journal they combine two themes and denounced the decision as some(prenominal) an offense to the principles of liberty on which the nation was founded, and a victory for slave states over the free states.This d ecision divided the north and the south even more deep the south was clearly a master in this decision as it dish out maintain the need for slavery, while the north became even more angered with the south. Second, commode brownnesss raid was an test by white abolitionist butt Brown to start an progressed slave revolt by seizing a United States Arsenal at Harpers take in Virginia in 1859. Browns raid was frustrated by a detachment of U. S. Marines led by Col. Robert E. Lee. The intent of the raid was to arm rebellious slaves and allowing them to strike fear into the slaveholders of Virginia.Brown and others were charged with treason and hung in Virginia once again angering politicians in the north. Third the pick of Abraham Lincoln, while it is well known that Lincoln was opposed to slavery and the slave trade, he did say that a war would not be waged to abolish slavery but as a way to sustain the Union. The South did not believe him and felt he was only interested in wha t was best for the north and thus proceeded to result from the union, while South Carolina was the first many others followed, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. This declaration of Secession. Made it clear that he north and south had divided and the only way to become one was to go to war. Citations Peter Kolchin, B. A. , Ph. D 2009 retrieved August 9, 2009, from http//encarta. msn. com/encyclopedia_761580652_3/Slavery_in_the_United_States. hypertext mark-up language Martin Kelly 2009 retrieved August 12, 2009 from http//americanhistory. about. com/od/civilwarmenu/a/cause_civil_war. htm Swain, Gwenyth, 2004, Dred and Harriet Scott A Familys Struggle for Freedom. Saint Paul, MN Borealis Books. Robert William Fogel and Stanley L. Engerman, 1974, m on the Cross The Economics of American Negro Slavery. Boston Little, Brown and Company.